Find out what NOT to do if you have arthritis pain because they increase the symptoms of inflammation and accelerate the progression of the disease.
Some of these factors are eating meat, increasing stress and self-medicating among others, know what other things you should not do when you have arthritis below
1. Stay inactive or sedentary
According to a study conducted at the University of Missouri, exercise was banned for a long time in people with arthritis because of the fear that vigorous movement affects joint tissues.
Today, research has progressed and it was evidenced that, on the contrary, prolonged physical inactivity increases pain and stiffness.
In turn, it causes loss of movement, limitation, weakness, and disability.
Physical inactivity causes muscle weakness, atrophy, decreased flexibility, cardiovascular deficit, fatigue, osteoporosis, depression, which worsens arthritis symptoms.
Muscle strength, flexibility, and performance in subjects with arthritis showed a deficit when compared to people without arthritis.
Therefore, exercises in people with arthritis fulfill 3 functions: improve movements and flexibility, tone muscles and improve cardiovascular aerobic fitness.
Despite the lack of conditioning at the beginning of an exercise program, most participants were able to exercise at the levels necessary to produce a positive effect.
After gradually incorporating the exercise, there was between 12 and 21% improvement in cardiovascular performance, a 55% increase in muscle strength and significant increases in flexibility.
It was observed that 12 weeks of muscle exercise, twice a week, increased strength by 45%, which is associated with improved function and decreased pain.
More than 5 hours of aerobic exercise a week such as walking, jogging, biking, swimming, skiing showed less progression of joint damage.
Physical activity should always be started with a medical indication to adapt to the degree of disease progression and the presence of cardiovascular and pulmonary complications.
2. Work hard and increase stress
According to a study conducted at University Hospital Regensburg, there is a relationship between stress and the development and complication of inflammatory diseases such as arthritis.
In people with chronic inflammation, an inadequate response to stress occurs, altering the nervous and hormonal functioning which aggravates the disease.
Two types of stress can be distinguished, minor and major stress. Minor or acute stress refers to stress that lasts a few hours, such as daily discomfort.
Instead, the major stress is long-lasting, it occurs for days or even weeks. For example, provide care for a disabled family member.
It was evident that after evaluating patients with arthritis those who had a higher level of stress at the onset of the disease had more bone erosions after 5 years
To avoid oscillations of disease activity when stress events occur, 3 actions are recommended
First, it is necessary to reduce disease activity to normalize the body’s response to stress.
Second, undertake stress relief programs and third request psychological help to learn to manage stress.
3. Consume a high amount of meat
According to a study published in the British Journal of Nutrition, a high prevalence of arthritis was found in people with high consumption of meat, fat, organs and tissues of animals.
Within the foods of the Western diet, meat and fat have the highest relationship with the development of arthritis symptoms.
Meat has fats such as arachidonic acid, which is an omega 6 and is associated with inflammation by increasing the production of substances called prostaglandins.
Both omega 6 and the iron present in meat are involved in the generation of free radicals, harmful substances that attack the synovial tissues of the joints.
Nitrite has been found in synovial fluid and in the urine of people with arthritis.
Scientific evidence indicates that the consumption of meat by all the mentioned components exacerbates the symptoms of arthritis.
An appropriate diet for arthritis aims to reduce omega 6, increasing omega 3, present in chia and flax seeds, which improves the disease and reduces the need for medications.
4. Smoking in arthritis
According to a study conducted at the German Rheumatism Research Center, it is proven that tobacco habit increases the production of antibodies, which is a risk factor for arthritis.
Higher use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in smokers may indicate that smoking weakens the potency of antirheumatic drugs.
Smoking negatively affects chondrocytes, the cells that produce collagen, so that the cigarette inhibits cell proliferation and the synthesis of the extracellular matrix that makes up the cartilage.
But this does not cause pain, but if the nicotine present in tobacco acts as a psychostimulant and affects the way the brain processes sensory stimuli, including pain.
71% of current smokers had a positive rheumatoid factor. While in the case of people who smoked in the past the percentage was 66% and among those who never smoked 53%.
Within 3 years of evaluation, current smokers had taken more combinations of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or biological products.
The risk of adverse events increases with the number of medications taken, so this is a good reason for patients with arthritis to stop smoking.
Non-smokers and those who smoked less than 20 cigarettes per day per year were 2 times more likely to experience improvement than heavy smokers of more than 20 cigarettes per day for 1 year.
That is, smokers may have a more severe arthritic disease.
5. Self-medicate or fill yourself with supplements
According to a study conducted at the American College of Physicians, among the patients with arthritis the use of supplements or therapies is frequent and between 60 and 90% have used one.
50% of patients who use them forgot to talk about their use with the doctor. And 50% of patients hide it and do not discuss it with their doctor for fear of disapproval.
However, 71% of people reported that their doctors supported the use of therapies. Only 15% of patients said they had the disapproval of the doctor and 4% did not believe that the doctor should know about its use.
This is extremely dangerous due to the potential health risks such as interaction with other therapies or the abandonment of treatment indicated by the doctor and the change for another, without your authorization.
Patients consider that the therapy or supplement they incorporate does not present a risk for conventional therapy but is not aware of the side effects it may cause.
Some supplements and therapies are useful in the treatment of arthritis and deserve consideration and many doctors are open to discuss their benefits with patients.
Such as relaxation techniques, exercise programs and diets with natural foods.
6. Increase weight in arthritis
According to a study conducted at Boston University, arthritis and obesity can coexist and represent a growing threat to adult health and quality of life.What NOT to do if you have arthritis pain
Each increase of 1 kg / m 2 of the body mass index, an indicator that relates weight and height and that is associated with weight gain, increased disease activity by 0.49 points.
Weight gain in people with arthritis is caused by several factors such as inadequate diet, physical inactivity and the use of corticosteroids.
Corticosteroids are often used to reduce long-term inflammation in arthritis, resulting in weight gain as a side effect.
According to what was observed in a study at St. Helena Hospital, the change in diet towards a low-fat diet, with plant-based foods in people with arthritis was associated with a significant weight loss.
What is related to a decrease in C-reactive protein by 16%, of the rheumatoid factor by 10%, which indicates a reduction in disease activity.
- 1. Recreational exercises in arthritis
- 2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/art.20747 How psychological stress via hormones and nerve fibers can exacerbate rheumatoid arthritis
- 3. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.582.794&rep=rep1&type=pdf The role of meat in the expression of rheumatoid arthritis
- 4. https://academic.oup.com/rheumatology/article/47/6/849/1786537 Patients with rheumatoid arthritis who smoke have higher needs for DMARDs and feel worse but they have no greater harm than non-smokers in the same serological group
What NOT to do if you have arthritis pain What NOT to do if you have arthritis pain What NOT to do if you have arthritis pain What NOT to do if you have arthritis pain What NOT to do if you have arthritis pain What NOT to do if you have arthritis pain What NOT to do if you have arthritis pain
What NOT to do if you have arthritis pain