Today, treatment options and medical technology can lead to a much more positive prognosis of rheumatoid arthritis than in the past. Many patients with rheumatoid arthritis are able to maintain a healthy quality of life and continue to work, study and physical and social activities. However, the average prognosis of a doctor is very difficult to predict. Rheumatoid arthritis can vary significantly from patient to patient. The fact that we still do not know what causes rheumatoid arthritis makes it difficult to determine the exact result. In this article, we consider the prognosis of rheumatoid arthritis disease.
There are various factors that contribute to the development of rheumatoid arthritis and can lead to good and poor prognosis. There are various technologies that help control the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and provide targeted treatment.
Rheumatoid arthritis can be a debilitating disease that affects the joints to such an extent that mobility becomes a problem. As long as patients continue their individual treatment plans, the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis may remain under control.
see also: Medication for rheumatoid arthritis.
The prognosis of rheumatoid arthritis disease
There are some potential results, including complications that can develop in patients. Some patients may experience chronic active conditions of the disease with frequent outbreaks. Some other patients may experience long periods of remission in which the symptoms are inactive. In general, patients with rheumatoid arthritis have an increased risk of reduced life expectancy.
Some common prognosis options for patients with rheumatoid arthritis include:
- Continuous joint inflammation that persists over time.
- Progressive joint deterioration affecting multiple joints.
- Continued decline in mobility and range of motion.
- General pain and stiffness that does not improve.
Depending on how poorly the disease progresses, there are some possible complications that can occur in patients beyond the usual symptoms associated with the joints. These complications and side effects include:
- Skin diseases such as psoriasis.
- Heart disease.
- Inflammation of the eyes.
- Depression and anxiety.
- Increased risk of disease and infection.
- Cancer – especially lymphoma.
- Respiratory conditions caused by nodules, high blood pressure and scarring of the lungs.
If symptoms quickly develop through the four main stages of rheumatoid arthritis, this condition can turn into progressive rheumatoid arthritis. This means that symptoms continue to worsen over time without withdrawal.
Patients require ongoing medical attention. The vision of a primary care physician, as well as a rheumatologist on a regular basis, will help keep symptoms in check and monitor the status of any signs of progression.
Factors determining the prognosis of rheumatoid arthritis
Although there is no single prognosis for each patient, there are many factors that can determine the course of the disease.
Some of the factors that may affect prognosis in patients include:
- Seropositive (positive for rheumatoid factor or anti – SSR) or seronegative type of rheumatoid arthritis.
- Patient age at diagnosis.
- How soon treatment began after the onset of symptoms.
- The patient’s general health, including diet, exercise, and smoking habits.
- Regardless of whether complications developed during the course of the disease.
- Individual patient treatment plan.
- How the condition responds to treatment.
- How active was the condition, including the frequency of outbreaks and periods of remission.
As a rule, patients who are seropositive, that is, they have a positive result for rheumatoid factor or anti-SSR, may experience more serious and aggressive symptoms. Adult patients diagnosed at an earlier age may also experience a more serious course of the disease. This does not include patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis who may have a different prognosis at all.
Patients who continue to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including quitting smoking, can also better cope with their symptoms. It is believed that there is a direct relationship between smoking and rheumatoid arthritis in patients.
Over time, symptoms can affect bone health and cause erosion and even deformation of the joints. Symptoms can also affect the health of other organs, such as the lungs and heart. This is a possible outcome for any patient with rheumatoid arthritis.
As with any disease, early and aggressive treatment, as well as a continuous and personalized treatment plan, will improve the prospects for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The main goal of treatment is to achieve remission, reduce and manage pain. Remission occurs when inflammation is inactive and no signs of progressive damage to the joints occur. Ideally, in remission, the patient will no longer experience chronic pain.
Checking Images Used in Forecast
Examination of the images can help doctors identify the levels of inflammation and worsening of the joints in patients. Although they do not provide a definitive prognosis, they help doctors control symptoms and adjust treatment along the way to ensure the best possible outcome.
Testing for an image, such as an X-ray, an MRI, or an ultrasound scan, can be done throughout the course of the disease to give doctors and patients a better idea of how the disease develops.
The prognosis of rheumatoid arthritis disease – ways to improve
Although treatment for rheumatoid arthritis can be unpredictable, there are several ways to provide a positive prognosis for patients. Here are some of the most recommended ways to improve the prognosis of rheumatoid arthritis in patients:
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle, including diet.
- Stop smoking and other bad lifestyle habits, such as drugs and alcohol.
- Regular activities include walking, cycling, and swimming.
- Physical and occupational therapy to help adapt daily routines to any mobility problems.
- Adhering to an individual treatment plan, which may include taking DMARDs and other drugs.
All these combined methods are aimed at improving or maintaining the quality of life of the patient, managing the symptoms of the disease, reducing pain and, very importantly, establishing a positive outlook on the patient.
In some cases, doctors may recommend surgery to completely replace the joints or repair them. This can relieve pain and improve mobility for some patients. While surgery is an option, the frequency of surgical joint replacements in patients with rheumatoid arthritis is reduced. This is largely due to the massive improvements in treatment, treatment options, and early indicators that patients are currently experiencing. The prognosis of rheumatoid arthritis disease see above.