Most people who develop psoriatic arthritis (PA) are diagnosed between the ages of 30 and 50. 
And the cause of the disease may be a viral infection (for example, acute pharyngitis). And also a reaction to extreme stress. Psoriatic arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which your body attacks its own healthy joints. The most common symptoms of PA are painful and inflamed joints that are warm to the touch. Very often, PA is an asymmetric disease that affects various joints on both sides of the body. Some of the most significant joints are in the arms and legs. In this article, we will consider psoriatic arthritis of the foot.

Psoriatic arthritis of the foot – symptoms

Swelling of the fingers? Plantar fasciitis? Pain in the Achilles tendon? If you live with psoriatic arthritis and experience any of these symptoms, you are not alone. Symptoms of PA often occur in the legs. We use our legs as well as our hands, so relieving pain with PA symptoms is very important.

How does psoriatic arthritis of the foot manifest itself?

  • Inflammation of the joints in the toes – causes a “sausage” appearance (dactylitis).
  • Enthesitis is an inflammation of tendons and ligaments that causes pain, damage to joints, and surrounding tissues. Pain in the arch of the foot may be plantar fasciitis. Heel pain can be Achilles tendonitis.
    • Chips and other nail changes (resembling nail fungus)
    • Pain when walking – caused by the stiffness of the joints.
    • Hot to the touch joints.  
    • Deformities of the foot – often found in people with mutating arthritis or those who are not looking for immediate treatment for symptoms of psoriatic arthritis.

    As with the symptoms of hands, the symptoms of PA feet are often treated with NSAIDs and BDP. Natural remedies are also gaining momentum with this disease. In the next section, we will discuss the various remedies you can use at home for treatment and prevention.

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    Home remedies

    If you suffer from leg pain associated with psoriatic arthritis, you can practice lifestyle changes. They will make your daily life more comfortable.

    Reduce any activity that intensifies the pain – including running or any other type of repetitive movement. Consult your doctor and find beneficial actions that do not exacerbate the symptoms of arthritis.

    Perform stretching exercises regularly, especially those that focus on where joint pain occurs. That is, if you live with plantar fasciitis, you can do exercises that stretch the plantar fascia.

    Orthopedics – Use shoe inserts to provide greater comfort for your feet while walking, especially those that support the arch of the foot and heel.

    Night sock – Wearing socks at night can help to stretch tendons during sleep to reduce stiffness and pain.

    Take frequent breaks – rest often, especially if you are standing on your feet for a long time and they begin to hurt.

    Consult your orthopedist and consult with the type of shoes and inserts that you should wear. 

    Buy shoes with a wide width – this allows you to provide room for the legs when swollen.

    Buy shoes with ankle support – this stabilizes the ankle, reduces pain, and reduces the chance of ankle rolling.

    Foot massage – to improve blood circulation and relieve pain.

    Soak your feet – using Epsom salts.

    Use clear or light nail polish – darker colors mask nail changes.

    Joint stiffness is very common in psoriatic arthritis. Most often, joint stiffness affects the legs in the evening or after a long stay on the legs. Swelling and pain can occur when walking, which requires rest with raised legs. Shoes that do not fit or are poorly designed may need to be replaced.

    Deformations of the foot can occur quite quickly. Therefore, treatment should be started as soon as possible after diagnosis. Damage to the joint can occur as early as six months after the onset of psoriatic arthritis. Deformations may include clawed fingers, ankle-twisting, and thumb overextension.

    Care Tips When You Have Psoriatic Foot Arthritis

    Psoriatic arthritis of the foot can cause painful symptoms that flare-up. And affect your ability to do daily business, affecting the quality of your life. It is important to consult your doctor about medications and other treatment options that can help relieve pain and inflammation. The tips below are helpful as a complement to your doctor’s prescribed procedures.

    Cold compresses can work wonders to relieve the painful swelling of the joints. You can use an ice pack or a bag of frozen vegetables. Alternating between 10 minutes of cold and 10 minutes of rest is a commonly prescribed activity for optimal benefit.

    Use a foam roller or a bottle of frozen water – especially for massage the arch of the foot, heel, or wrist. Cooling a bottle of frozen water is an added benefit to reduce swelling during movement.

    Maintain your nails – because nail psoriasis occurs in over 80% of cases of psoriatic arthritis, keep your nails healthy. Trim them regularly to reduce obstructions, and moisturize to reduce dead skin.

    Watch your cuticles – when you care for your nails or professionally care for them in a nail salon, do not move the nail cuticles and do not use the cuticle trimmer. This can cause tiny cuts in the cuticle. Damage to the skin, even such minor ones, can trigger an exacerbation of symptoms of psoriatic arthritis. And this will increase the likelihood of infection (especially if you are taking immunosuppressants to treat the disease).

    Soak your hands and feet (but not too long) – it can relieve pain and swelling. However, do not soak for too long. Since it can dry the skin and aggravate psoriasis. Be sure to moisturize your skin after soaking.

    Choose shoes wisely – in addition to wide-width shoes, open-toed shoes are also recommended for people with PA. This gives room for your fingers in case of inflammation. Avoid shoes with pointed toes and high heels that can push your fingers forward and constrain them.

    Stay dry – the mushroom grows in humid conditions. Keep your shoes dry – look for breathable materials. If your shoes are wet, let them dry and ventilate them before putting them on.

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