Arthritis of the knee is a serious disease. Inaction will lead not only to its progression but also to the absolute immobility of the joints. This pathology, in the absence of proper treatment, threatens the patient with the development of bone ankylosis. Massage for arthritis of the knee joint is a means of rehabilitation of the patient. Using special techniques and manipulation, mobility of the joints is restored. Thanks to massage, there is a chance to avoid complications that constantly occur with knee arthritis.Massage of the knee joint
The need for a procedure. Indications
Patients with arthritis of the joints experience symptoms such as pain, stiffness, muscle atrophy, and limited mobility. Long-term studies show that physical methods of combating an ailment in many cases are quite effective. This technique is also a knee massage. Indications for use of this method of treatment of degenerative pathology:
- improving the general condition of the patient;
- lack of infectious diseases;
- weakening of the pain syndrome.
The procedure is prescribed by the attending doctor. The effectiveness of therapy primarily depends on the timeliness of the treatment methodology. At the initial stage of the development of degenerative-dystrophic pathology, the patient just needs to attend 5 massage sessions. In the chronic course of the disease, up to 15 sessions are required, in some cases more. The number of performed procedures is determined by the masseur, it depends on how effectively the massage affects the knee affected by arthritis. One treatment session in time takes at least 20 minutes. Treatment of the affected joint is thus possible during pregnancy.
If the doctor himself did not offer this method of therapy, the patient should ask about the possibility of a massage for his illness. The treatment procedure allows you to achieve a positive result faster if you start it from the first days of the general treatment of arthritis.
Purpose and Benefit
Arthritis is a difficult disease, therefore it is difficult to get rid of it. Before practicing massage sessions, the attending doctor must examine the affected joint before each procedure, ask the patient about their health, in order to determine what the technique will be directed at this time. Effects of massage therapy:
- with the help of certain techniques, pain syndrome passes;
- this technique restores blood circulation in the joints, which allows nutrients to enter the joints, nourish hyaline cartilage and prevent its destruction;
- oxygen supply to the affected muscle fibers is restored;
- the performance of hypertrophic muscles of the lower extremities increases;
- the risk of stagnation in the knee joint is reduced;
- muscle contracture is prevented.
Thanks to the restoration of blood movement in the joint, metabolism are accelerated. In addition, massage procedures stimulate the removal of body fluids that have accumulated in the cavity of the patient’s articulation. Withdrawal of effusion leads to a decrease in swelling of the soft tissues of the lower limb. In addition, the procedure helps to strengthen the ligamentous apparatus, increases muscle tone and contractility of muscle fibers.
What contraindications exist?
Massage procedures are far from as safe as it seems at first glance. Inexperienced specialists forget to clarify contraindications in which treatment with these methods is strictly prohibited. First of all, it should be remembered that the procedure cannot be performed if the patient was diagnosed with arthritis of the knee joint in the acute stage of development. Conducting treatment sessions will lead to a deterioration in the patient’s condition, and a license can be taken away from the massage therapist who has treated the patient without the possibility of starting a medical practice all over again. Contraindications to medical procedures:
- acute inflammatory process;
- patient imbalance and a tendency to rapid mood swings;
- pronounced pain attacks;
- inflammatory and infectious diseases of the skin, for example, ulcers, boils, ulcers, a rash of unknown origin;
- the appearance of nausea and vomiting on the eve of the procedure;
- exacerbation of other chronic pathologies;
- tendency to bleeding.
It is impossible to conduct therapeutic sessions immediately after excessive physical exertion. Before the patient should rest for several hours. Massage procedures can not be performed by patients suffering from sexually transmitted diseases, as well as patients with serious heart pathologies. Absolute contraindications include problems with the liver and kidneys.
Methods of performing the procedure
Massage of diseased joints on their own is allowed. However, before starting treatment at home, you should go through at least 1 session with an experienced doctor who will explain and show the correctness of the massage technique at home. If the procedure is carried out correctly, bruising, bruises should not appear on the skin.
First, they massage a part of the body located just above the damaged joint, capturing the entire perimeter in a circle. Massage is performed in the direction of lymph flow, it should move to nearby nodes, that is, towards the affected knee. It is allowed to perform rubbing, patting, stroking, kneading. Self-massage will not relax muscle tissue as an experienced specialist will do, so study the pros and cons well before making a choice.
Manipulations to restore mobility
For arthritis of the knee joint, massage is performed with the fingertips, phalanges of the fingers or the edge of the palm of the hand. First, the doctor works out the area over the affected joint by stroking, smoothly moving to the joint itself. The duration of the study depends on the stage of development and the condition of the joint, as well as the surrounding tissues and muscles. Massaging the knee joint takes 10 minutes.
Then the doctor proceeds to rub the joint for a deeper effect. Rubbing removes deposits from the joints. The duration of this technique is about 5 minutes, after which the masseur proceeds to knead the tissues of the affected joint to reach the deepest tissues, affect muscle tone and tissue tropism. Then carry out the method of “vibration” – shaking the muscles. Then the massage procedure ends with stroking, which has a gentle and soft effect on the tissue. During the session, the patient should not feel pain and discomfort. All movements are performed carefully, slowly, capturing every centimeter of the affected joint.
Acupressure has a positive effect on the joints. The technique causes the patient a sensation of heat, fullness, leakage, weak pain impulses at the site of exposure are possible. Acupressure can be performed only by a qualified doctor who knows the anatomical signs well, knows how to accurately find the points that affect the appearance of pain in the knee joint.
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