Ankylosing spondylitis refers to severe forms of damage to the spine and joints, which is the reason for their complete immobility. Despite the active development of modern medicine, this disease cannot be cured forever. Timely and adequate therapy can relieve symptoms and slow the progression of the condition slightly.
With the active deposition of salts in cartilaginous tissues and intervertebral discs, severe deformation of the vertebrae occurs, up to their complete fusion. Due to pathological processes, the spine loses its flexibility and elasticity, which makes it immobile. Performing any movement brings strong pain. In more advanced forms of the disease, the nerve endings of the brain are damaged, which are responsible for the work of many organs and systems.
Causes and symptoms
After conducting a number of scientific studies, scientists have not been able to establish the root cause of the development of the disease. Young men are more susceptible to this ailment. There is an opinion that the disease is transmitted genetically. Its manifestation can be provoked by pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract and the genitourinary system, which are infectious in nature. And also a psychosomatic factor in the form of emotional restraint and oppression of anger can become a trigger mechanism.
Since this disease is incurable, it often leads to disability. To start timely treatment, you must immediately consult a doctor if the following symptoms are detected:
- reducing the distance between the chin and chest when tilting the head;
- pain in the spine and sacrum that limit mobility;
- pain in the chest area.
With the active development of the disease, the patient’s condition deteriorates significantly, as there is infringement and damage to the nerve endings, which is manifested by strong symptoms:
- violation of blood circulation in the brain;
- oxygen starvation of the body;
- asthma attacks;
- increased sweating;
- severe headaches;
- high blood pressure;
- fast fatiguability;
- noticeable deformity of the spine.
Is it possible to get rid of Ankylosing spondylitis ?
Using modern therapy, it is impossible to completely restore the damaged areas of the spine, which makes it impossible to cure ankylosing spondylitis. Identification of the disease in the early stages and the use of complex treatment can alleviate the condition and prevent the spread of the pathological process.
The use of drugs
It is impossible to get rid of ankylosing spondylitis, but with the help of medications, it is really possible to stop the development of the autoimmune process, using immunostimulating and antifungal agents. To eliminate pain, it is customary to use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which can be taken both in the form of pills and injections. If mild pain relievers do not bring the desired result, then “Sulfasalazine” is used, which can eliminate even extremely severe pain.
Physiotherapy procedures improve the general condition of the body, despite the fact that the disease is incurable. With a strong progression of ankylosing spondylitis, UV radiation is used, which has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, and also prevents the development of the pathological process. To reduce pain, electrophoresis is used, with the addition of novocaine. In the remission stage, physiotherapy is used much more often and more extensively. During this period, inductothermy, ultrasound therapy and phonophoresis are allowed.
Exercise therapy for such a disease is aimed at eliminating pain and improving the mobility of the spine and joints. Thanks to the normalization of blood circulation, spasm of nerve endings is prevented, which leads to oxygenation of the brain. All exercises are performed at a calm pace without sudden movements. The course of treatment depends on the severity of the disease and the stage of development. The main exercises are performed every day in the form of morning hygienic exercises.
This method of physical rehabilitation is used at all stages of the development of the disease. The purpose of the massage is to reduce pain, improve metabolism, and normalize lymph and blood circulation in the spine, joints and muscles that are in close proximity to the affected area. A classic medical technique is used with the use of all basic techniques.
This disease cannot be treated with surgery, but it is possible to restore partial mobility of the spine. Surgical treatment is used only in very severe cases when other methods remain powerless. With severe deformity of the spine, operations are performed to restore the shape of the spinal column. In case of significant joint lesions, joint replacement is performed.
Spa treatment has a positive effect on the general condition of the body, provided that regular health courses are carried out.
Eating a sufficient amount of vegetables and juices improves the condition of the body in this disease. Herbalists use herbal decoctions and ointments, which have a beneficial effect on the work of joints, kidneys and liver. Most of them are aimed at removing excess salts from the human body. Do not self-medicate, so as not to aggravate the situation and not cause complications.