The sciatic nerve is responsible for the activity of the leg muscles and the sensitivity of the lower limb from the thigh to the fingertips. Due to its great length, it is quite vulnerable and is often subjected to pinching, which in most cases causes severe pain and limits motor functions. The same thing happens with inflammation of the nerve, and very often the pain is simply unbearable. It is not always possible to get qualified help quickly, so it’s useful to know how to treat the sciatic nerve at home.
Causes of nerve damage
Pinched in the sciatic nerve, or sciatica, can occur at 25 and 30 years old, but it is more prone to people aged 40 years.
One of the causes of this disease is the deterioration of the vertebrae and intervertebral discs, resulting in their displacement and compression of the nerve roots. There are other factors that trigger the development of sciatica:
- intervertebral hernia;
- injuries of the sacrum and lumbar;
- excessive loads on the spine;
- oncological tumors and metastases;
- infectious and viral diseases;
- hypothermia of the lower body.
In order to cure the sciatic nerve, you first need to identify and eliminate the cause of pinching, otherwise, you can only reduce the pain syndrome, and even then for a while.
Inflammation of the nerve often goes into the chronic stage, and one awkward movement is enough for a new attack.
Symptoms of the disease
Pinched nerve usually occurs on one side of the body, although it is bilateral. It is accompanied by characteristic symptoms:
- sharp, piercing pain in the lower back, extending to the buttock, thigh and down the leg;
- numbness in the sacrum and pelvis, tingling or burning sensation;
- numbness of the toes;
- limited motor functions;
- gait disturbance.
Depending on the extent of the lesion, the intensity of the pain can vary from mild to intolerant. When you are in a supine position it becomes easier, it may not hurt at all, but during movements, lumbago occurs in the area of the buttock or sacrum. If the jamming is strong, it is impossible to sit, walk, even stand upright with difficulty.
With severe nerve damage, edema appears in the sacral region, redness, and body temperature may rise. In addition, violations in the work of the pelvic organs are observed, for example, pain occurs during urination, problems with potency in men appear. If it is not pinching that occurs, but rupture of the sciatic nerve, the motor functions and sensitivity of the limb below the knee disappear.
How to treat sciatic nerve
At home, treatment is not always possible. If a nerve is torn or if it is strongly pinched, self-medication is dangerous to health and can lead to disability. So if the pain in the sacrum is unbearable, there is a complete loss of sensation in the leg, the temperature has risen sharply – you need to urgently call a doctor.
If these symptoms are absent, you can alleviate the patient’s condition with the help of one or more therapeutic methods, which are worth knowing in more detail.
A pinched nerve occurs sharply, and it is impossible to predict it. In such situations, a person needs emergency assistance
- the patient should lay on his stomach, choosing an even, moderately hard surface. You can not use a bending bed or something unstable, so as not to aggravate the condition. For convenience, it is recommended to put a soft roller or small pillow under the chest;
- the lower back and the upper part of the buttocks must be freed from clothing, apply an anti-inflammatory ointment to the affected area;
- when the pain subsides, the patient needs to help roll over onto his back, put a pillow under his lower back, and a dense roller under his legs to raise his lower legs.
Hot-water bottles, rubbing and warming compresses can not be done – at the initial stage this can increase inflammation and worsen the position of the patient.
The most effective and fastest method of treatment is medication. Pills, ointments, injections are suitable here, the main thing is to strictly observe the dosage and method of application.
Intramuscular injections act directly on the affected nerve and are considered the safest for the body. They have fewer contraindications, faster relieve pain and swelling, reduce treatment time.
Preparations for injections with sciatica
Additionally, you can enter vitamin complexes (B1, B6, B12) to improve blood flow and tissue regeneration, which positively affects the general condition of the patient.
Important!Injectionsshould be made by a person with relevant experience and only as directed by a doctor.An inept injection can cause even worse deterioration, so you should not risk your health.If there is no one nearby who knows how to give injections, it is better to pay attention to pills and external remedies.
For the use of tablets, a doctor’s consultation is optional, but desirable, as there are a number of contraindications and side effects. The most effective for sciatica are the drugs Celebrex, Ibuprofen, Ketoprofen, Indomethacin, as well as the well-known analgin. These drugs relieve cramping and pain by blocking the production of prostaglandin, a substance that is actively produced by the body in places of nerve damage. The minus of the tablets is that they do not act as quickly as injections and ointments, in addition, they affect the digestive tract.
External remedies are the most optimal option: they are the safest, have a minimum of contraindications, act directly on the affected area and can be used without consulting a doctor.
When using ointments, you must strictly follow the instructions and follow the regimen, otherwise, it will be difficult to achieve a positive effect. The timing of treatment depends on the degree of nerve damage, but usually, external drugs are used from 5 to 10 days, injections and tablets from 3 to 5 days.
With the help of special exercises, you can unlock a pinched nerve, remove muscle cramps and pain. Exercise therapy is also very useful as prevention of sciatica. You need to start training after removing the pain syndrome, especially if the inflammation is strong and is accompanied by an increase in temperature and swelling of the tissues. In this condition, it is easy to aggravate the situation and damage the nerve even more.
At home, sciatic nerve massage is allowed only with slight pinching and the absence of complications. If there is swelling, redness, it hurts very much, any exposure will only harm the patient. In such cases, the massage should be performed only by an experienced specialist and only after stopping the pain syndrome.
Light massage of the affected area allows you to relax the muscles and eliminate the cramps that cause pain. The most effective acupressure, which is performed with the fingertips. Active points are detected by pressing with fingers in the sacrum, lower back, and upper buttocks: where the most pain is felt, they are located there. You need to start with warming up the muscles with light stroking movements, then actively stretch the lumbar, ilium, buttock. You can rub the back intensively with the edges of the palms, slowly moving from the coccyx to the lower back. After working out the active points, it is necessary to stroke the skin for 2-3 minutes to calm the muscles.
Treatment with folk remedies
Traditional medicine offers many effective recipes for the treatment of sciatica. Consider some of the most popular and safest outdoor products.
Coniferous bath. For cooking, you need a kilogram of young pine branches, a suitable container for brewing, three liters of boiling water. The branches are poured with boiling water, boil for 10 minutes and set aside for 4 hours. After this, the broth is filtered and added to a warm bath at the rate of 1 liter of broth for 1.5 buckets of water. Take such a bath no more than 20 minutes, 2-3 times a week.
Grinding of radish. You will need black radish and natural honey. Radish is well washed, crushed together with the peel, squeezed juice. It is mixed with honey in a ratio of 3: 1, then applied in a small amount to a sore spot and gently rubbed until the mixture is absorbed. After that, you need to wrap your back with something warm for 40-60 minutes.
Warming compress. It will take a tablespoon of liquid honey and a glass of flour, preferably rye. Mix the ingredients and form a thick cake. Put it on a sore spot, cover with a film or paper, then with a woolen cloth. The compress should be kept all night and repeated for a week.
Compress from cabbage. White cabbage perfectly relieves inflammation and promotes healing. It will take a few large leaves of fresh cabbage. They need to be dipped in boiling water to make them softer, then cool and put on a sore spot. All are covered with a film on top and tied with a woolen cloth. Keep such a compress should be about 2-3 hours, and then the leaves are changed to fresh.
The described recipes can not be used for severe nerve damage, with fever and acute pain. Also, do not rely too much on traditional medicine: treatment of the sciatic nerve can be effective only with an integrated approach.
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