Arthrosis is a degenerative joint disease, where the cartilage of the joint is destroyed over time. This disease is usually caused by long-term wear of the cartilage around the joint, where eventually the cartilage wears out completely and the bones begin to rub against each other. It is most often found in joints: knees, hips, arms, and spine. However, it can affect any other joints. In this article, we will consider how to treat deforming arthrosis of the joints.
The main cause of arthrosis is mechanical stress on the articular surface of the cartilage, where the cartilage tissue may not withstand such a load. Therefore, this disease often develops in people performing heavy physical work or in those who abuse their joints with repeated movements (athletes). Work associated with prolonged squatting or kneeling also has an adverse effect on the joints.
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How to treat deforming arthrosis of the joints
For those who suffer from arthritic pain, they may experience new disorders and difficulties every day. However, there are many ways to deal with the pain of osteoarthritis through treatment and healthy choices that can make life with the disease more manageable. If you want to be active in treating pain, start by understanding your treatment options. Then, learn about the many ways you can adapt your lifestyle to more control.
1. Consider physical therapy. Movement is one of the best ways to treat pain from osteoarthritis, and physical therapy can help you move.
- Physical therapy teaches you how to move properly and is beneficial for those who feel “glued” and are not sure how to move without causing additional pain.
- Performing daily activities without undue complexity is one of the main goals of physical therapy.
- If you use assistive devices, physical therapy can also teach you how to use them correctly.
- Physical therapy may be the best option for you if you want someone to initially show you how to exercise and increase movement.
2. Take a closer look at accessories. Enhanced function and mobility are some of the benefits of assistive devices, but they are not needed by anyone with arthrosis.
- Devices include everything from scooters to walkers and tires and can be found in most stores or large retail stores. For more specialized products, such as a custom bandage, you need to speak with your doctor to buy them.
- It is important to always consult your doctor before purchasing or using an assistive device. If not worn or used properly, such devices can do more harm than good.
- Assistive devices can be a good option for you if your actions and movement are limited. They can be used in accordance with both physical therapy and medication.
3. Choose your medicine wisely. How to treat deforming arthrosis of the joints – there are many drugs that can be used. Options range from tablets and syrups to lotions and injectable products. Arthritis: List of Medications, Pills and Side Effects
Osteoarthritis medications usually fall into one of four categories:
- Analgesics. These are painkillers that can be found in a pharmacy. Acetaminophen and opioids are two fairly common analgesics.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). While analgesics help relieve pain, NSAIDs help deal with inflammation. Aspirin and ibuprofen are two common NSAIDs that can be found in pharmacies.
- Corticosteroids. These powerful anti-inflammatory drugs are either taken orally or injected directly into the joint with the help of a doctor.
- Hyaluronic acid. Another type of injection prescribed in the doctor’s office is hyaluronic acid, which acts as a shock absorber and lubricant.
Always consult a doctor before using one of these methods to treat joint arthrosis deformans, even if this is what can be found behind the counter.
You must choose your medication based on the severity of your pain and how it affects your daily life. For example, mild to moderate pain can be treated with medication, while severe pain can only be treated with injection medicine.
4. Buy Epsom salt. If you prefer to focus on home treatment, consider using bath salts. It has been found that high salt levels may be useful in treating inflammation associated with arthrosis.
- One of the biggest benefits of Epsom salt is the lack of side effects.
- To use Epsom salt at home, you first need to read the instructions for more information. Usually, you need to dissolve about two cups of salt with warm water before adding it to the bath. You can also soak a towel in the mixture and wear it as a compress.
- This may be the best treatment for those who prefer natural remedies against using drugs.
The available evidence for nutritional supplements and natural methods for treating joint deforming arthrosis is limited, and as a result, recommendations for their use are often unclear.
Glucosamine is believed to provide an advantage based on the role it plays in articular cartilage. Although it seems safe, its effectiveness is controversial, and recent studies have not found that it is significantly more beneficial than a placebo. It is possible that glucosamine sulfate is more effective than glucosamine hydrochloride, although both offer modest benefits. According to the International Society for the Study of Osteoarthritis, glucosamine should be discontinued if after six months the effect is not observed.
Some other alternative medicines that may be helpful include:
- Chinese herbal medicine.
- Avocado and soy.
- Boswellia serrata
The following may also be useful, but supported by less evidence:
- Ayurvedic herbal preparations.
- Claw of the devil.
- Fish fat.
- Omega-3 Fatty Acids.
- Vitamins A, C, and E.
- Vitamin K.
- Willow bark.
Acupuncture is associated with moderate pain relief, although the significance is uncertain since the long-term benefits are small.
Methods of electrical stimulation have been used historically, despite the lack of evidence supporting its effectiveness.
What are the symptoms of arthrosis
The ability to recognize the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis is important for an accurate diagnosis of the condition. Typically, patients with indicative symptoms take a medical history, and the diagnosis is confirmed using an x-ray.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis can affect any joint in the body, although the most common affected areas include:
The following symptoms may occur, most often in the common area of these joints.
The most common symptoms are:
- Joint pain.
- Joint stiffness.
- Sensitivity around affected joints.
- Flexibility in the affected joints is reduced.
- A bone creak or friction in the joint.
- Bone spurs, or small pieces of additional bone growth that can develop around the affected joints.
What are the risk factors for developing arthrosis?
- Age: arthrosis and many other types of arthritis are more common in older people.
- By l: women are more likely to develop arthrosis.
- Weight: Being overweight puts a lot of pressure on the joints and this increases the risk of damage to them.
- accidents and infections can damage your joints, increasing the risk of developing osteoarthritis.
- Joint deformation: distorted cartilage and uneven joints increase the risk of developing arthrosis.
- Occupation: Work that requires a lot of stress on your joints may increase your risk of developing arthrosis.
- Genes: you are more likely to develop arthrosis if you have this disease in the family tree.
How to diagnose arthrosis
Your doctor will conduct a physical examination and ask you questions about your symptoms and your family tree (if there is a predisposition) and tell you how to treat joint deforming arthrosis. This will help them better diagnose the stage of arthrosis. They can also conduct one or more tests, such as:
- Blood tests to check for markers of inflammation and infection.
- Collection and analysis of fluid samples from the affected joint.
- MRI, X-ray, arthroscopy, for visual examination of the joints.
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