Physiotherapy is a type of care provided by trained people based on individualistic measurements. Such as the patient’s medical history, joint damage, exacerbations and range of motion of the affected joints. Regular exercise is very important for all patients with arthritis, as they support the joint movement. They also lubricate joint tissues, strengthen muscles and bones, and support healthy joints. This article will look at how physiotherapy helps with arthritis.

However, despite so many positive things, regular exercise can do more harm to patients than help. Due to insufficient knowledge, instructions and warnings, general physical exercise can cause excessive damage to the affected joints and thus aggravate pain and inflammation. How does cold weather affect arthritis?

Physiotherapists are trained to assess the damage to the joints of each patient using x-rays and other medical examinations, and then advise useful exercises. Thus, under the guidance of trained specialists, you can achieve a full range of movements without harming the joints.

How does physiotherapy help with arthritis?

The main tasks of physiotherapy are:

  • To assess the condition of the disease in each patient.
  • To propose methods for controlling and monitoring diseases.
    • To relieve pain and increase the functionality of the affected areas.
    • Provide patient education.

    The physiotherapist first performs a series of clinical tests to assess the physical disability, disability and strength of each patient in order to adapt the treatment accordingly.




    Physical assessment consists of components such as functional assessment, including analysis of gait, daily life, and transference status; range of motion for all joints; test for muscle strength, posture and respiratory function in all patients.

    After that, the treatment method is determined for each person. This may include practical treatments such as massage, passive joint mobilization and stretching. The physiotherapist can also offer an exercise program to reduce pain and strengthen joint muscles, a diet plan and various methods of weight loss.

    In addition, they may offer other methods, such as acupuncture, hydrotherapy, or dry acupuncture, which may be appropriate for the patient. In this way, physiotherapy can help affected patients.

    Typically, people find home exercise equally good as physiotherapy, and also cheaper. To some extent this may be true, but in the long run, physiotherapy provides additional benefits. 

    At first, the general exercises are the same for all people and are performed without special instructions, which can lead to unnecessary complications or damage to the joints in patients. However, compliance with these programs is rather low over a long period of time. People play sports for several days and feel better, and then stop.

    After the symptoms reappear, they begin to train again. These repeated cycles of exercise and inaction are extremely harmful to the joints and adversely affect the strength of the joints and range of motion.

    Physiotherapy avoids these disorders and treats each person depending on their needs and symptoms. The physiotherapist carefully assesses the physical condition of each patient to select the optimal treatment regimen.

    Scientific evidence for physiotherapy

    Natural methods of treatment, although effective, are not becoming extremely popular due to the lack of scientific evidence. But not physiotherapy!

    This is a treatment option that is provided by trained people and is based on the results of various scientific studies. There are many reports on the effectiveness of various physiotherapeutic treatments for arthritis. Some of these reports are listed below.

    Early intervention always favors the treatment of arthritis. One study tested the effectiveness of an early professional program for rheumatoid arthritis.

    This study included 60 patients with early rheumatoid arthritis for a randomized controlled trial. Patients were divided into two groups. Some receive full information for their occupational therapy with proper guidance for three months. And others do not receive any information and guidance.

    When evaluating grip strength and assessing the health status of all patients, it was found that the group receiving the appropriate information and recommendations during treatment received the best result. Their grip strength has improved, as has general health.

    This study confirmed the importance of comprehensive information and guidance for improving hand function in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis.

    Physical examination is another important part of physiotherapy. Proper examination makes it easier for patients to make the right decisions. This fact was proved in a study that was designed to test the specificity, sensitivity and reliability of a physical examination for rheumatoid arthritis. 



    This study involved 2 students – a physiotherapist and 2 trained rheumatologists. They examined 25 patients with varying degrees of rheumatoid arthritis.

    A special technique called GALS (gait, arms, legs, and spine) was used to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis in patients. Based on the diagnosis of rheumatologists, the diagnoses made by students based on the GALS survey were checked as a standard. GALS testing has been found to be an effective method for arthritis testing and helps in the proper assessment of patients.

    Another well-known physiotherapy method is hydrotherapy. It refers to exercises performed in water. It is believed to be very effective in treating the symptoms of arthritis and arthritis.

    A study conducted in 2014 tested the effectiveness of water exercises in the management of the musculoskeletal system. This is a meta-analysis based on random controlled trials. This is in order to test the role of water exercises for the musculoskeletal system from various Internet resources.

    It included 26 studies that were reviewed by two reviewers to analyze the results. The results of this analysis proved that water exercises reduce the pain, physical function and quality of life of all patients included in the review.

    Another study tested the effectiveness of hydrotherapy in treating fibromyalgia in patients.

    This review included 10 randomly controlled trials conducted in recent years. A review of these studies reported positive effects on pain symptoms, the number of sensitive points, and the health status of patients with fibromyalgia, further confirming the importance of hydrotherapy for treating various arthritis conditions. 

    Recently, a new and more intensive clinical study has been developed to confirm the importance of physiotherapy in patients with arthritis.



    This study involved 500 adults suffering from knee pain. It aims to monitor the effects of physiotherapy over a period of 10 to 18 months. It is expected that the results of this study will become the cornerstone in establishing the importance of physiotherapy as an alternative treatment in the fight against symptoms of arthritis. In this article, we examined how physiotherapy helps with arthritis.

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    Categories: ARTHRITIS

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