Due to similar symptoms, it is not always easy to distinguish arthritis from gout. Both diseases affect the joints. The difference lies in the origin of diseases, the type of tissue damage and approaches to treatment. In order to start a therapeutic course on time, at the first unpleasant symptoms, it is better to contact your doctor.
What are diseases?
Arthritis and gout are diseases that affect the joints and are often associated with complications.
The symptoms of diseases are similar: the joints become inflamed, hurt, swollen. Most often, the patient suffers at night. With arthritis, subcutaneous nodules form, with gout, tophus. Both diseases lead to joint deformation. Influenza, acute respiratory viral infections, hypothermia often complicate the patient’s condition, causing pain attacks. Periods of normal health in both diseases are followed by relapses. But despite the similar symptoms and course of the disease, both diseases must be distinguished.
Compare arthritis and gout
Why does it appear?
Gout occurs due to protein metabolism disorders. The reasons for this phenomenon have not yet been clarified, however, scientists have identified several factors that affect the pathology:
- Age. More often men are affected after 45 years and women during menopause.
- Improper diet: a large amount of coffee, tea, excessive enthusiasm for oily fish and meat, sweets, alcoholic beverages.
- Uncontrolled intake of diuretics, and undergoing a course of treatment for malignant neoplasms.
- Accompanying illnesses:
- kidney disease;
The causes of arthritis are associated with the presence of concomitant pathologies:
- disturbed metabolic process;
- defeat by protozoa: chlamydia, brucellosis;
- infections: measles, syphilis, smallpox, tuberculosis, etc.
How does it manifest?
How to determine the difference between the signs of diseases is presented in the table:
Diagnostics and treatment
In both cases, an external examination by a doctor and certain tests are required for diagnosis. Therapy, in addition to medication, includes a therapeutic diet to help reduce pain. When treating arthritic joints, therapy is aimed at eliminating the infection or the effects of trauma. Gout is amenable to diet, exercise, and uric acid-lowering drugs. Treatment of arthritis with folk remedies is popular, but it is better to consult a doctor before starting a course. The main provisions for the organization of the patient’s regimen are summarized in the table:
|You can eat||Chicken eggs, buckwheat and pearl barley, fish, seafood, vegetables and fruits.||Drink plenty of fluids, cereals, fruits and vegetables|
|Forbidden food||Oatmeal, oranges, salt, corn, milk, smoked meats, pork, wheat, corn||Legumes, mushrooms, meat|
|The patient’s day regimen||Physical activity is required.||Do not overuse food, but also do not feel hunger for a long time|
|It is important to avoid psycho-emotional outbursts.||Bed rest|
|It is better to exclude hormonal drugs||Avoid hypothermia|
|General recommendations||Fractional food|
|Massage and compresses are recommended during exacerbation|
What is the difference?
Both diseases are unpleasant and painful. Do not self-medicate, the attending doctor will be able to quickly and effectively diagnose the stage and prescribe the appropriate medications and physiotherapy procedures.
Deviations have a different basis: people of different ages suffer from arthritis, patients after 45 years of age are prone to gout. Arthritis initially affects the phalanges of the fingers, gout – the big toe. Symptoms are reduced with an integrated approach to treatment, but the diet is somewhat different. Joint pain with arthritic changes in the joints disappears after exercise, so moderate sports is a prerequisite for recovery. When gout worsens, bed rest is important.