Diseases of bones and joints have recently become more widespread, as they are associated not only with hereditary characteristics but also with a way of life. Spinal arthritis often develops in older people. In this article, we will talk about what this condition is, what it is, and how it is cured.
This is an inflammatory process in its articular tissues. It develops for a variety of reasons: it can be both degenerative and destructive processes, and infectious infection or mechanical injuries of the spine.
This condition is especially common in people over 50 years of age and has a significant impact on the lifestyle, forming acute or chronic pain syndrome and significantly restricting movement.
In principle, this condition can be cured conservatively, but in addition to taking medication itself, auxiliary procedures play an important role:
It is also necessary to significantly change the lifestyle in terms of the load on the spine.
There are several main types of this disease. They are determined depending on why this condition occurs. Depending on the reasons, the symptoms and treatment methods will change quite a lot, therefore it is important to reliably establish the type of disease in order to simplify the further treatment process.
- Rheumatoid arthritis of the spine develops under the influence of a number of factors – there must be an infection with any infection in combination with a weak general immunity of the body. Often, the likelihood of the development of pathology increases the presence of a genetic predisposition, heredity. Most often, this condition develops in the cervical spine, less often in the lumbar. With cervical localization, the following symptoms appear: spasms and pain in the neck, pain in the back of the head, a feeling of tension. Thanks to these symptoms, the disease is easily and quickly diagnosed.
- Traumatic develops as a result of damage to the spine, that is, theoretically, it can affect any part of it with the same probability, depending on where the injury was. May have some diagnostic difficulties. This is due to the fact that the clinical picture may be atypical and very different depending on what kind of lesion takes place.
- Infectious. A specific type of disease that develops when an infection enters the spinal column. It develops most often against the background of tuberculosis and has acute symptoms. There is a rise in temperature, general weakness. When pressing on the affected areas, severe pain occurs. It can be difficult to do active activities with your back. It is prone to the development of complications – purulent processes, abscesses, etc.
- Psoriatic. The condition develops exclusively in the presence of complicated psoriasis. An unlikely disease, since it develops in only 1 person with complicated psoriasis out of 10. It is equally likely to affect one or another part of the spine. The symptoms are not too obvious, but against the background of psoriasis, they help to quickly diagnose.
- Ankylosing. Another name for the condition is ankylosing spondylitis or spondyloarthritis. A specific disease has genetic causes and is autoimmune in nature. There are cells in the spine that, interacting with the infection, mask the cells of the joints in such a way that the immune system begins to fight them. Cartilage is replaced by bone, the spine is no longer flexible.
Depending on which department the lesion is located in, its symptoms can vary significantly.
- Cervical arthritis. As the name implies, the symptoms of arthritis of the cervical spine are localized in the neck. It is accompanied by a feeling of painful tension in the affected area, spasm in the neck, headache in the back of the head, etc.
- Chest arthritis. With this type of localization, there is severe back pain, which increases when the shoulders are brought back. There may also be a specific feeling of numbness in the limbs. Joint murmurs are noises arising from the movement as a result of joint friction. The symptom is also characteristic of this condition.
- Lumbar. Arthritis of the lumbar spine is characterized by pain not only in the lower back but also in all the lower parts of the spine. There is a pronounced restriction in movement, pain increases with exertion. The affected area or limbs may be numb.
- Lumbosacral. This type has much in common with the previous type. It also gives pain to the entire lower spine, restricts movement, and makes stress on the spine impossible. However, the numbness of the limbs with it appears even more clearly.
The following types of diagnostics are used:
- General and biochemical blood test;
- MRI, CT;
- Bone scan;
In most cases, an elderly patient can be diagnosed without complicated procedures, especially knowing the history and hereditary data.
When starting treatment, the patient must understand that there are no methods that can return his articular tissue to its original state. It cannot be restored and regenerated. Therefore, treatment is carried out in other directions and has two main goals:
- Relieve severe pain (or other) symptoms;
- Slow down the development of the pathological process.
Treatment of arthritis of the cervical spine prevents the active progression of the disease. Such measures can improve the condition of the body and improve the quality of life.
How to treat inflammation of the joints of the spine with medicines? Only a doctor can definitely answer this question, since in each case, the treatment may slightly differ from the standard one. But there are also general schemes.
Throughout the course of the disease, Ketanov and Ketorol preparations are prescribed to relieve pain. In the case when the pain is very severe, a novocaine spinal block may be required. The main treatment is with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Diclofenac, Ibuprofen. They can be taken orally 2-3 tablets daily and applied externally as ointments 2-3 times a day.
It helps relieve inflammation, swelling and relieve pain. Indirectly, it helps to increase mobility. It is usually prescribed at the stage when the treatment of spinal arthritis has already passed the main stage and the main inflammation has been removed. It is prescribed as a course for 2-4 weeks to improve the condition and accelerate the recovery of the body. Used methods of microwave, UHF, sometimes – electrophoresis for 15-20 minutes daily.
The symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis of the spine will not disappear with the use of traditional medicine recipes alone. Theoretically, you can only slightly relieve pain symptoms. To relieve tension and muscle spasm, pepper plaster and honey compress are used. You can ingest settings from sunflower and celery roots to help reduce inflammation.
Surgical treatment is extremely rare. Usually, interventions are carried out only to eliminate the consequences of the disease and complications, as in the development of a purulent process.
With the defeat of the thoracic region, it is recommended to smoothly bend the back forward from a sitting, standing, lying position. If the neck is affected, slow head rotations are suitable, you can also get on all fours, relaxing your head. With lumbar arthritis, slow turns of the body to the right and left will help. For any localization of pathology, walking, bending forward on straight legs, and hanging on a horizontal bar is recommended.
The disease is not completely cured, it always becomes chronic. But it is possible to maintain its course without relapses. Due to this, it may not have a significant effect on the quality of life. But with untimely treatment, loss of mobility is possible, up to disability.
COMPLICATIONS AND CONSEQUENCES
The disease can lead to a number of specific complications, such as loss of mobility during bone replacement of the articular tissue. Acute or chronic pain syndrome is almost always formed. Also, the condition can lead to abscesses, sepsis, suppuration, etc. And all these conditions require immediate surgical intervention.
In most cases, the disease is of a genetic nature and in the presence of a predisposition, it is difficult to avoid it. But the following measures will help reduce the likelihood of its appearance (as well as the rate of development when it occurs):
- Strengthening the general immunity of the body;
- Avoiding a sedentary lifestyle
- Regular walking and walking;
- Sports activities in moderation, without overload.
When combined with proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle, these measures can help reduce the likelihood of developing the illness.
The disease is quite common among the elderly because its treatment regimens are well developed. If followed closely, such therapy can significantly improve well-being and slow the progression of the process. But when symptoms appear, it is important not to ignore your condition.