The purine content in food plays an important role in the nutrition of patients with gout. A diet for gout is necessary to keep the uric acid level in the blood under control. Diet and Nutrition Tips for Gout

Patients with gout should always monitor the content of purines, otherwise, an acute attack may result, accompanied by terrible and unpleasant symptoms. To understand what a diet is for, you need to know the whole process.

Symptoms and signs of gout

As it is formed, it turns out, uric acid accumulates:

  1. Purines in the body are vital. They are part of the chromosomes in the nuclei of cells, therefore, carry genetic information. When purines break down, a product called uric acid is formed.
  2. It is excreted in the urine.
  3. When a person eats too much food containing purines, the level of uric acid in the blood rises. The body does not remove all acid, it begins to accumulate.
  4. A high concentration of uric acid leads to an increased risk of gout, it begins to accumulate in the joints and soft tissues, causing the corresponding symptoms.

From the above, it should be remembered that a high level of purines is the reason for the high concentration of uric acid. So, you need to eat food containing a small amount of purines.

Is diet really so necessary?

All doctors will answer yes to this question. Of course, the following dietary recommendations is the patient’s choice, but following a special diet will only have a positive effect on the general condition of the patient. A diet for gout will help prevent acute bouts of illness.

Thanks to the diet, many patients then do not need treatment with drugs or their use is reduced by several times. What allows the patient to continue life without any restrictions, the main thing is to follow a diet, eating only healthy products.

Especially a gout diet is an integral part of treatment if the patient is obese. Too strict a diet will only contribute to a new acute outbreak of an attack of the disease. In this case, the diet is regulated individually, since it is aimed not only at restoring and reducing purines, but also at reducing weight.

General Nutrition Tips

Alcohol only exacerbates the situation, give it up

Adhering to the following rules, you can protect yourself from gout. Dietary food is a must. Without it, treatment will be useless.

Empirical rules for patients with gout:

  1. Avoid offal and asparagus, because they contain a large number of purines, which are quickly converted by the body into uric acid.
  2. Exclude alcoholic beverages. Alcohol leads to an increase in the concentration of uric acid in the blood. Regular consumption of alcohol causes the onset of an acute attack of gout.
  3. Hydration. An increase in fluid intake for gout is, of course, desirable, since more uric acid may escape. It is necessary to take diuretics of folk origin, for example, decoctions based on nettles and sages with a small amount of honey. In addition, a special drink made from flaxseed can wash uric acid out of the blood well.
  4. Coffee, tea, and cocoa are harmless. There are no restrictions on the use of these drinks. Due to the fact that the purines contained in them are not converted by the body into uric acid.
  5. Avoid large portions of meat. The use of food of animal origin is allowed, but it is advisable to eat them in moderation.
  6. High-fat foods negatively affect uric acid levels, so you should remove fatty foods from your diet. Steaming is recommended.

Which products are strictly prohibited?

Refrain from sprat until you get better

Many foods containing high levels of purines should be excluded from the diet. Reducing their use normalizes their level and uric acid in the blood, which will lead to a gradual decrease in the symptoms of the disease. In addition to meat products, many types of fish also contain a large number of purines. To better understand what you are faced with, a table No. 1 was created that describes the amount of purines in foods and the level of uric acid in the body after an eaten product rich in purines.

Table number 1. Purine-rich food

Products Purine mg per 100 g Uric acid mg per 100 g
Meat extract 1400-1500 3360 – 3600
Offal (calf, lamb pancreas) 500 – 615 1200 – 1476
Sprats 335 802
Yeast 285 684
Pork 250 600
Beef liver 230 552
Canned food 200 480
Mackerel with skin 150 360
Trout 144 345
Sardine 140 336
Calf liver 120 288
Pork shoulder with skin 115 276
Tuna 106 254
Goose meat 106 254
Pork cutlet 88 211.2
Ham 85 204

If the patient cannot deny himself a product, he needs to consume more vitamins such as folic acid and vitamin C. Folic acid and vitamin C help to reduce the deposition of crystals in the joints. Sometimes the use of high doses of dietary supplements is reasonable, especially if they are not included in sufficient quantities in the patient’s diet. However, agents are not a substitute for a balanced and healthy diet, so foods containing these ingredients should be chosen first.

Medium Purine Meat and Fish Products

Try to keep track of the amount of purines consumed.

Table number 2. Medium Purine ProductsA person needs meat and fish products, they contain many vitamins. Many types of meat and fish are not advisable to eat, but they can be replaced by another species containing less purines. For example, you can replace red meat with white. Despite the fact that the products (table No. 2) contain fewer purines, you can not use them in large quantities.

Products Purine mg per 100 g Uric acid mg per 100 g
Peas (boiled) 71 170, 4
Beef tongue 66 158
Mackerel 66 158
Fillet of beef 64 153.5
Porkchop fifty 120
Pork stew 46 110
Cod 45 108
Chicken legs 45 108
Hare 45 108
Pork belly 40 96
Flounder 40 96
Chicken Breast 38 91
Smoked meat 33 80
Crayfish 24 58
Meat Pudding 24 58

Low Purine Foods

With a high purine content, a strict diet should be followed. The maximum amount of purines consumed should not exceed 170 mg per day. These mainly plant products and most dairy products (table No. 3).

Since the indicators are too small, the individuals to whom such a diet is prescribed should be monitored by medical personnel. Such restrictions should be used for a short period. In the future, their number should be increased.

Table number 3. Low Purine Foods

Products Purine mg per 100 g Uric acid mg per 100 g
Wheat flour thirteen 31
Bow 4 9.6
Tomatoes 4 9.6
Radish 4 9.6
Semolina 4 9.6
Hard cheese 4 9.6
Cucumber 3 7.2
Egg 2 4.8
Yogurt (0) (0)
Milk (0) (0)

There are anti-gout products. Allocate cherries, cherries, strawberries, carrots, plums, celery, cranberries. These ingredients can be consumed daily. Cranberry juice has a positive effect on the body, in particular, on the urinary tract.

Do not forget to drink 2-3 liters of water or herbal tea during the day. Drinking plenty of water has a detoxifying effect on the kidneys, removes uric acid, improves overall well-being.

5 Types of therapy and treatment for gout


Gout Diet for a Week

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