Here are 7 dangers that you should know about Arthritis. Arthritis produces deformations, depression, and disability, among other consequences if it is not diagnosed in time and effective treatment is carried out.
Discover how arthritis affects not only your joints but also most of the organs, producing kidney problems and kidney cancer, pulmonary alterations to heart emergencies.
Patients with arthritis can have several physical and emotional consequences at the same time, which affects their quality of life.
1. Deformities and Arthritis Disability
According to a study conducted at Glasgow Caledonian University, the joints most affected by the deformations of arthritis are that of the hand and feet, especially the fingers. (one)
The deformations in the feet produce disability in 1 of every 3 patients, impeding the normal ability to walk.
Many people depend on canes, walkers or wheelchairs to move around, other people decide to stay in bed and rest.
Deformities can also occur in long bones of arms and legs and in the cervical spine.
The person may need help to perform these activities daily.
The patient suffering from arthritis may experience a feeling that the legs do not respond, which can lead to falls.
Especially in the spine triggers a serious process called axial Atlanto subluxation.
It presents with symptoms such as pain in the back of the neck that extends to the arm, numbness, and weakness in the legs and vertigo when you move your head.
If it is not treated at the time it occurs, it can put health at risk.
2. Depression and consequences
From a study published in The Journal of Rheumatology, depression caused by arthritis was associated with increased mortality, regardless of the presence of other diseases.
It affects how the patient interacts with his doctors, how he copes with the disease.
Depression negatively affects the relationship of the person with arthritis with their peers.
Depression usually appears one year after the patient has disabilities that prevent him from performing pleasant activities, such as visiting a relative.
Other research conducted at the University of Sydney, in patients with arthritis, concluded that some psychological factors are related to the development of depression.
These are the level of depression that the person presented at the onset of the disease, the degree of disability, the extent of pain, beliefs about the consequences of arthritis and treatment techniques.
3. Kidney problems and kidney cancer
According to a study conducted at Niigata University, Japan, one of the most serious and deadly kidney problems in people with arthritis is amyloidosis.
A frequent symptom you may feel is edema, swelling in the legs, a sign that the kidneys do not work properly.
Between 7 and 16% of patients with arthritis have amyloidosis.
These patients can reach the terminal stage of kidney disease with an unfavorable prognosis.
According to another study by Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science, Rochester, a higher prevalence of renal cancers has been found in patients with arthritis compared to healthy populations.
This increased prevalence is due not only to the presence of arthritis but is additional to the frequent use of arthritis medications.
The risk of mortality from renal cancers in patients with arthritis is high.
4. Pulmonary alterations
The study conducted at the University Medical Center, USA states that while arthritis is more frequent in women, lung disorders are more prevalent in men with advanced arthritic disease.
Of the 50% of the alterations, only 10% could be detected in time.
These pulmonary complications may also be due to the use of medications in the treatment of arthritis and be associated with smoking.
One of the limitations of the treatment of these pulmonary alterations is the late appearance of symptoms.
According to a study published in the University School of Medicine, Missouri, pneumonia is one of the leading causes of death in patients with arthritis.
Pneumonia is associated with frequent use of common arthritis medications such as prednisone, corticosteroids that increase the risk of mortality.
17% of people with arthritis have pneumonia associated with arthritis and the use of medications. (eleven)
5. Gastrointestinal complications and anemia
According to a study carried out at Arthritis Research Center, USA, if you have symptoms of heartburn, bloating and/or abdominal pain you can have significant gastrointestinal complications.
According to a study in JAMA Internal Medicine, numerous cases of gastrointestinal ulcers and bleeding have been found in patients with arthritis.
These serious complications were associated with the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs mainly, commonly used as an arthritis treatment.
According to a study conducted at the Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, the incidence of more serious forms, such as gastrointestinal cancer in patients with arthritis is lower than that of the healthy population.
According to a study conducted at University Hospital, Ioannina, Greece, frequent anemia in patients with arthritis is affected by gastrointestinal problems and damage that make it impossible for the intestines to properly absorb nutrients.
According to a study published in The Journal of Rheumatology, anemia is 3 times more frequent in patients with arthritis than in the healthy population.
10% of patients with arthritis have anemia.
6. Cardiac emergencies
According to a study conducted at Jamaica Hospital Medical Center, pericarditis is common in rheumatoid arthritis.
This occurs in 40% of patients with arthritis, let’s look closely at this number, almost half of people with arthritis will develop pericarditis as joint disease progresses.
You may feel chest pain and breathing problems as signs that you may be presenting with pericarditis, however only 10% of patients have symptoms.
Pericarditis can cause a heart attack or the accumulation of fluid in the heart that hinders its normal function.
Other no less serious complications according to the Center for Rheumatic Diseases, Romania include a decrease in the thickness of the arteries, a process known as atherosclerosis, which decreases blood flow in the body.
In addition in patients with arthritis, there is a higher incidence of heart attacks and aortic problems, in relation to healthy populations.
7. Consequences on the skin and eyes
20% of patients with arthritis have a consequence on the skin such as ulcers.
This pathology is characterized by inflammation of the blood vessels and manifests itself in 5% of patients with arthritis.
If you suffer from vasculitis you may experience signs of gangrene (dead black skin) and ulcers (inflammation or opening in the skin) on the skin.
Because these symptoms are also common in patients with diabetes, infections or cancers, you should see a doctor to make an accurate diagnosis.
The consequences occur as dry eye, ulcerative keratitis (inflammation of the cornea, transparent membrane of the eye) and scleritis (inflammation of the white part of the eye)
According to a study conducted at Harvard Medical School, a disease frequently associated with arthritis is called Sjögren’s Syndrome.
Sjogren’s syndrome causes dry eyes and also the mucosa of the mouth.
These manifestations generate pain, loss of vision and are recurrent if they are not prevented and treated together with the rheumatologist.
- 2.The foot: even the most important reason for the inability to walk in rheumatoid arthritis: distribution of symptomatic joints in 1000 patients with rheumatoid arthritis
- 3. http://www.jrheum.org/content/32/6/1013.short Comorbid depression is an independent risk of mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
- 4. https://academic.oup.com/rheumatology/article/40/12/1327/1787867 The burden of depression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
- 5. https://journals.lww.com/psychosomaticmedicine/Abstract/2002/01000/Depression_in_Rheumatoid_Arthritis__A_Systematic.8.aspx Depression in rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review of the literature with meta-analysis
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