An autoimmune disease occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys healthy body tissue by mistake. There are more than 80 varieties of autoimmune disorders. In this article, we consider the causes of autoimmune diseases and their treatment.

First, what you need to know about autoimmune diseases is a disease of the immune system. If you have an autoimmune disease, somewhere along the way your immunity has become an outcast and has begun to attack your own tissues. In some cases, this is your thyroid gland under attack, in others, it is your intestines, your skin, your brain, pancreas, or other organs.

But no matter what part of your body is under siege, your immunity is the culprit. This means that to cure, prevent, and reverse autoimmune disease, you need to get your immune system back under control.

However, within our modern medical system, these disorders are not recognized as diseases of the immune system as a whole. Instead, they are analyzed as diseases of individual organs. Unfortunately, this means that for the treatment of autoimmune conditions there is no single industry in conventional medicine. With cancer, for example, we have cancer experts called oncologists who treat many types of different types of cancer, regardless of which organ system they use. Yes, there are some sub-specialties in oncology, but they, as a rule, still fall under one main oncological umbrella.

If, on the other hand, you suffer from an autoimmune disease, you will see a specialist who focuses on the affected organ system: a rheumatologist for rheumatoid arthritis; endocrinologist for Hashimoto and diabetes, gastroenterologist for celiac disease, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn; dermatologist for psoriasis; and so on

If you have several autoimmune conditions, like many people have, you will see several different specialists, each of whom is likely to prescribe a different medicine.

Read this also :

Causes of Autoimmune Diseases

Blood cells in the body’s immune system help protect against harmful substances. Examples include bacteria, viruses, toxins, cancer cells, as well as blood and tissues outside the body. These substances contain antigens. The immune system produces antibodies against these antigens, which can destroy these harmful substances.

When you have an autoimmune disorder, your immune system does not distinguish between healthy tissue and antigens. As a result, the body begins a reaction that destroys normal tissues.

The exact cause of autoimmune disorders is unknown. One theory is that certain microorganisms (such as bacteria or viruses) or drugs can cause changes that confuse the immune system. This can happen more often in people who have certain genes, making them more susceptible to autoimmune diseases.

Autoimmune disease can cause:

  • Destruction of body tissue.
  • Abnormal organ growth.
  • Changes in organ function.

An autoimmune disorder can affect one or more types of organs or tissues. In the area often affected by autoimmune disorders, it includes:

  • Blood vessel.
  • Connective tissue.
  • Endocrine glands, such as the thyroid or pancreas.
  • Joints.
  • The muscles.
  • Red blood cells.
  • Leather.

A person can have several autoimmune disorders at the same time. Common autoimmune disorders include:

  • Addison’s disease.
  • Celiac disease – sprue.
  • Dermatomyositis.
  • Graves’ disease.
  • Multiple sclerosis.
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Pernicious anemia.
  • Reactive arthritis.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Sjogren’s syndrome.
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus.
  • Type I Diabetes

The development of therapies for autoimmune diseases

The treatment of autoimmune disorders includes three main approaches:

  • Therapies to improve signs and symptoms.
  • Therapies for changing the natural course and progression of the disease.
  • Therapies aimed at complications arising from organ damage caused by a disease.

Medications used to treat.

Several groups of drugs are used to treat autoimmune diseases. Some of them include:

  • Those that relieve symptoms such as pain and inflammation, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or painkillers.
  • Corticosteroids are used to suppress immunity and prevent an exaggerated response.
  • Those agents that are useful in replacing a deficient hormone or agent in the body. For example, the thyroid hormone is given in pill form for Hashimoto’s autoimmune or thyroiditis, and insulin is given as an injection to type 1 diabetics.
  • Immunosuppressants are used to suppress the activity of the immune system.
  • Anti – TNF – drugs are used to block inflammation and are used for autoimmune arthritis and psoriasis.
  • Physical therapy aims to promote and maintain optimal mobility.
  • Surgery can be chosen to replace a damaged joint or to treat bowel obstruction in case of Crohn’s disease.

New approaches.

There are several new approaches to the treatment of autoimmune disorders. The number of new approaches is growing due to ongoing stem cell research and genetic research.

More biological agents like existing anti-TNF agents, monoclonal antibodies, gene-based delivery systems, immune system modulators, and cellular therapies, tissue and organ building procedures are on the way to treating the causes of autoimmune diseases.

Therapies based on complementary and alternative medicine are also being studied in terms of their effectiveness and safety.

Stem cell transplantation.

Stem cell transplantation is a new and promising strategy. It aims to restore the immune system.

Several strategies are also being developed that are specific antigens, which can help in the disease, like multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, SLE, and psoriatic arthritis.


In addition to developing new therapeutic goals, research is underway to develop new biomarkers for treating diseases. These biomarkers can help determine the stage, activity, and progression of a disease and help evaluate the response to therapy.

These biomarkers will also allow doctors to treat diseases to choose from the available treatment methods to ensure the best possible treatment.

Read this also:

you may also like this:

Causes of Autoimmune Diseases, Causes of Autoimmune Diseases, Causes of Autoimmune Diseases


Rheumatoid Arthritis Sleep - Arthritisco .com · October 22, 2019 at 3:15 pm

[…] Rheumatoid arthritis alone is often associated with symptoms, including excessive daytime sleepiness, fatigue, pain, and depression. And all this can negatively affect the ability to get a healthy sleep. Sleep problems and associated symptoms affect an estimated 54% to 70% of adult patients with RA and include difficulty falling asleep, not restoring sleep, excessive wakefulness during the night, and daytime sleepiness and tiredness.  Causes of autoimmune diseases. […]

Rheumatoid arthritis after birth - Arthritisco .com · October 22, 2019 at 3:40 pm

[…] Caring for a baby requires a huge amount of energy, as well as patience, support, and understanding of your friends and family. This is true for mothers (and fathers) who do not have a chronic condition such as RA. Therefore, it is especially important for patients with RA. To make sure you have the energy and support you need. Start organizing and planning everything before you become pregnant.  Causes of autoimmune diseases . […]

Glucocorticoids for rheumatoid arthritis - Arthritisco · October 22, 2019 at 4:32 pm

[…] Treatment with glucocorticoids (also called corticosteroids or steroids) are important tools in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), primarily as an adjuvant (a term referring to treatment that is used as an adjunct) for treatment modifying the disease, for example, to combat rheumatism, including new biological treatments. In this article, glucocorticoids for rheumatoid arthritis are considered.  Causes of autoimmune diseases. […]

How to treat rheumatoid nodules - Arthritisco .com · October 23, 2019 at 3:44 am

[…] One of the most common symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis on the skin is the development of rheumatoid nodules. Rheumatoid nodules occur in about a quarter of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, both in men and women. The severity of rheumatoid nodules can vary from patient to patient. Although nodules are generally not dangerous or debilitating, there are options available for treating rheumatoid nodules if it becomes necessary to reduce or remove them.  Causes of autoimmune diseases . […]

Physical activity in rheumatoid arthritis - Arthritisco .com · October 23, 2019 at 3:54 am

[…] There are real benefits associated with regular exercise and exercise, even for people with RA. For clarity, physical activity is defined as the body movement created by skeletal muscles, requiring energy expenditure. Exercise is included in the section “physical activity”.  Causes of autoimmune diseases . […]

Anti-inflammatory foods for arthritis and joints pain - Arthritisco · October 23, 2019 at 8:05 am

[…] A large number of health problems are associated with inflammation. These include acne, asthma, sinusitis, atherosclerosis, periodontitis, celiac disease, hay fever, chronic prostatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, interstitial cystitis, and even cancer. If you want to stay healthy, it’s important to control the inflammation in your body by following a healthy lifestyle and diet. Many products have anti-inflammatory properties that can help prevent and fight inflammation. Causes of autoimmune diseases . […]

How to cure knee bursitis - Arthritisco .com · November 3, 2019 at 8:01 am

[…] Autoimmune disorders (allergic reactions, metabolic disorders, immunodeficiency, etc.). […]

Concomitant diseases of rheumatoid arthritis - Arthritisco · January 20, 2020 at 11:42 am

[…] One theory suggests that ongoing inflammation, which is a hallmark of RA, may play a role in the development of diabetes. This is due to the known association between inflammation and an increased risk of insulin resistance. Indeed, insulin resistance tends to increase in RA, and inflammatory marker levels tend to be high in both people with RA and people with diabetes. Another theory is that people with RA and other forms of arthritis are generally more sedentary (and a sedentary lifestyle leads to obesity, a known risk factor for diabetes). If true, this may explain the increased risk of developing diabetes in people with arthritis.  Causes of autoimmune diseases . […]

Leave a Reply