Arthritis of the lower back is also known as arthritis of the spine. This is not a condition, but rather a symptom of several forms of arthritis that affects the spine. Osteoarthritis is the most common cause of pain in lumbar arthritis. 
It is estimated that more than 50 million Russians live with some form of arthritis diagnosed by a doctor. Although lumbar arthritis is not a type of arthritis, many people living with arthritis experience pain in the lumbar spine.

Symptoms of Lumbar Arthritis

Lumbar arthritis makes you experience chronic pain or lingering pain in the bones of the lower spine. This area contains five or six vertebrae. Some people feel a burning sensation after physical activity or wake up with stiffness in the area.

Other symptoms include:

  • Muscle spasms.
  • Squeaky sounds from joints and pain.
  • Reduced range of motion.




What causes lumbar arthritis

Pain in lumbar arthritis usually develops as a result of:

Arthrosis

Lumbar arthritis is mainly associated with osteoarthritis (OA). In OA, cartilage, which (the pillow) softens your joints, wears out over time. The faces of the joints are joints located on both sides of the vertebra. It also connects the vertebrae. This leads to the fact that the bones in the spine are crushed and press against each other when you move. This leads to joint inflammation, which causes pain. External factors, such as temperature, obesity and poor nutrition, can all cause inflammation, which flares up and gets worse.

Psoriatic arthritis.

Another common cause of lumbar arthritis is psoriatic arthritis. This form of arthritis affects only people with psoriasis. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that causes increased itchy patches of inflamed skin. About 20 percent of people with psoriatic arthritis will experience lower back pain. In some cases, bone growths can lead to the displacement of the vertebrae in the back. This can result in loss of range of motion and a constant feeling of stiffness.

Reactive or enteropathic arthritis.

Both reactive and enteropathic arthritis are associated with symptoms of lumbar arthritis. Reactive arthritis is caused by an infection in your body. This usually occurs after a bacterial infection such as chlamydia or salmonella. Enteropathic arthritis is usually associated with inflammatory bowel diseases, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. 

How do I know that I have low back arthritis?

  • If you experience lower back arthritis, you may have already been diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis. In most cases of psoriatic arthritis, a diagnosis of psoriasis will precede any symptoms of arthritis that occur.
  • If you experience stiffness, creaks, and lost your range of motion in the lower back and have never been diagnosed by a doctor with arthritis, consult your doctor. He will conduct a physical examination to check for inflammation and swelling in the sore spot.
  • If your doctor suspects that you have arthritis, you will probably need an x-ray. An X-ray can show any problems with bone density, cartilage loss, and bone spurs that can cause your pain.
  • An x-ray can also be helpful in monitoring your arthritis and evaluating whether the treatment you recommend is preventing further damage to your joints.
  • Your doctor will also order a blood test to determine what arthritis you have.
      • You may be referred to a rheumatologist who specializes in joint pain for further examination.



      Treatment of Lumbar Arthritis

      A typical treatment plan for lumbar arthritis pain will include:

      Over-the-counter medicines.

      Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the most commonly prescribed drugs for treating back pain caused by arthritis. These medicines can help relieve pain and inflammation.

      Common options:

      • Aspirin.
      • Ibuprofen.
      • Naproxen.

      Lifestyle changes and alternative treatments.

      Certain lifestyle changes can help reduce pressure on the spine and improve overall vision.

      These include:

      • Losing weight.
      • There are foods that reduce inflammation.
      • Quit smoking.
      • Reduce alcohol consumption.

      You can also take advantage of working with a physiotherapist. It can help you perform specific exercises that can restore your lost range of motion in your lower back.

      Lumbar arthritis pain can also be treated with alternative or complementary medicine, especially in the early stages. Acupuncture and chiropractic can help relieve joint pain that is felt in the lower back, but they are not long-term solutions. 

      Medicines and Surgery

      If over-the-counter drugs do not alleviate your symptoms, your doctor may recommend corticosteroids or muscle relaxants. Corticosteroids are used to control inflammation, and muscle relaxants are used to minimize muscle cramps. Your doctor will recommend surgery only as a last resort. Usually this is only necessary in cases where the bones merge together or where the pain is so great that it interferes with any range of movements.

      Prospects

      Almost every type of arthritis is chronic, which means it will continue to recur throughout your life. However, arthritis can often be controlled with a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. Your individual prognosis will depend on the type of arthritis you have and the severity of your symptoms. Work with your doctor to determine the best treatment plan for you.



      Can lumbar arthritis be prevented?

      Your age, family history, and gender can contribute to the development of arthritis. Although these factors are beyond your control, there are certain things you can do to limit pressure on your vertebrae. Reducing pressure can prevent outbreaks of lumbar arthritis or other symptoms.

      To reduce the risk of outbreaks:

      • Maintain a healthy weight. Overweight transfer can lead to excess load on the joints.
      • Choose exercises with low exposure. Stretching, yoga and swimming can relieve tension on the back. Yoga for joint diseases.
      • Drive with caution. When handling heavy objects, be sure to lift with your feet, not your back.

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        Categories: ARTHRITIS

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