If you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy you should know what is gestational anemia, what are the symptoms, causes, consequences for the baby, and the mother such as abortion and premature delivery, and what is the natural treatment.

Find out Those who suffer from gestational anemia and know the Supplements for anemia and its side effects  

In this sense, a natural treatment is important to prevent and treat gestational anemia, a healthy diet that meets the requirements of the mother and her baby in an easy, economic way and, above all, taking care of their health.

1. What is Gestational Anemia?

It is one that occurs during the third trimester of pregnancy. The most common anemias in this period are iron deficiency anemia (iron deficiency anemia) and folic acid (megaloblastic anemia). 

2. Symptoms of Anemia in Pregnancy

There are 23 common symptoms of anemia during pregnancy

  • Fatigue 
  • Lack of appetite
  • Postpartum depression
  • Libido decreased
  • Inflammation of the tongue presenting a dark red color. 
  • Feeling like eating dirt or ice
  • Inflammatory lesion present at the lip corners
  • Dry mouth
  • Shortness of breath
  • Edema
  • Low blood pressure
  • Tachycardia, increased heart rate
  • Agitation 
  • Hear sounds that do not come from any external source
  • Irritability
  • Frequent headache
  • Decreased sensitivity
  • Loss of concentration 
  • Fading 
  • Drowsiness
  • Cold intolerance
  • General paleness
  • Brittle nails. (one) 




3. Who suffers from Gestational Anemia?

Women of all races and of reproductive age can suffer from gestational anemia. However, it is more common in:

  • Those with long-lasting menstrual periods and heavy bleeding
  • Blood donor women.
  • Those who have had more than 3 children.
  • Inadequate monitoring of pregnancy.
  • Low socioeconomic level. 

4. Causes of Anemia in Pregnancy

  • Low iron and folic acid reserves in the body.
  • Poor diet with few sources of iron, folic acid and their respective nutrients that improve the absorption of these minerals such as vitamin A, C, zinc and copper.
  • Gastrointestinal diseases prevent the absorption of these minerals such as celiac disease and Whipple syndrome.
  • Diseases with ulcerations and internal bleeding such as esophageal varices, peptic ulcer, cancer of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and colon.
  • Women undergo bariatric surgeries, where a part of the digestive tract is removed in order to lose weight, causing side effects including iron malabsorption.
  • Regular intake of antacids, aspirin, ibuprofen, and other medications used for arthritis. 

(*) If you suffer from anemia and are taking these drugs, we recommend you consult your doctor to change medications and/or seek natural treatments that can support you to reduce and eliminate your medication.

5. Consequences of Anemia in Pregnancy

Gestational anemia causes poor capillary circulation and a deficiency in placental functions, bringing obstetric complications to the baby such as: 

  • Premature delivery
  • Low birth weight 
  • Little amniotic fluid
  • Premature rupture of membranes
  • Abortion

It also causes in the mother:

  • Urinary infections
  • Non-healing wound infection postpartum. 
  • High pressure
  • Risk of bleeding after delivery.
  • Postpartum depression.

6. Supplements and side effects

During pregnancy, it is common for women to suffer from nutritional anemias such as iron deficiency anemia and folic acid deficiency anemia.

It is true that the pharmacological treatment in pregnant women is very restricted due to the harmful effects that they can cause both in the health of the baby and in that of the mother, and it is very common to treat these anemias through the administration of supplements.

But most supplements contain toxic substances which can have adverse effects causing pregnancy and health problems for both mother and baby.

That is why below we show you some side effects that these supplements can cause in your health.

6.1 Side effects of Ferrous Sulfate

In therapeutic doses it can cause nausea, abdominal pain in the upper area, constipation, or diarrhea. An overdose of 1 to 2 gr. iron, can be fatal causing a collapse in circulation. 
In turn, there is an interference with the absorption of other medications

6.2. Dextran Iron Side Effects

Headache, fever, nausea, brown spots on the skin, dizziness, nausea, flushing, hives, and bronchospasm Anaphylaxis (severe allergic reaction) and death have been reported very rarely.


6.3 Side Effects of Other Synthetic Iron Supplements

Stomach heaviness, inappetence, dark coloration in the stools.

6.4. Side Effects Artificial Folic Acid Supplements

Loose stomach and flatulence, inappetence, nausea, sensitization to allergies, hypersensitivity in the skin, and routes. 

It is important to mention that those women who wish to take a natural treatment through a live diet, must have a specialist and consult their doctor.

It is very important to avoid the consumption of synthetic iron supplements since according to studies carried out they have been shown to increase the pressure in the mother and to be responsible for the low birth weight of the baby.

A study published in the Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition in 2002, studied the side effects of iron supplementation during pregnancy.

Daily and weekly supplementation were found to cause heartburn, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or short-term constipation. Without considering the long-term side effects. 

Another study by Moncton University in Canada states that high doses of iron supplements by pregnant women produce adverse health effects.

These side effects cause malabsorption of the mineral, problems in the oxidative pathways to metabolize iron and cause gastrointestinal discomfort. 

7. Natural Treatment for Gestational Anemia

A pregnant woman’s diet should be treated with great care, especially if she encounters some type of nutritional anemia.

A treatment based on food and natural and innocuous preparations is the most suitable for both the health of the baby and that of the mother.

This type of treatment will not only deal with alleviating the deficiency of iron or folic acid that causes anemia but also to cover the nutritional requirements that the state of a pregnant woman needs.



The foods used in a specialized diet for gestational anemia will be mainly vegetables, which will provide the adequate vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients to overcome anemic symptoms.

In the case of iron deficiency anemia, there are foods that will interfere with the absorption of iron such as dairy, coffee, tea, wheat, corn, and bakery and pastry products made with these cereals.

The consumption of flours, sugar, and antibiotics interfere at the intestinal level with the good absorption of iron and folate.

A study conducted by the National University of Colombia found that replacing the consumption of refined sugar and derivatives with the consumption of fructose (fruit sugar) significantly improves the absorption and retention of iron.

This same study also confirmed that eating foods that contain flours reduce iron retention and absorption.

Specifically, the absorption of Iron was significantly reduced when the consumption of cooked corn starch and cooked wheat starch were included, which are present in breads, pasta, sweets, biscuits, etc. 

In turn, it is important to avoid the consumption of tea and alcohol since it inhibits the absorption of iron, as indicated by a compilation study published by the journal of research in medical sciences. 

To better take advantage of nutrients from plant-based foods, we recommend:

  • Avoid the combination of vegetables and green leaves since their oxalate will interfere with the absorption of iron from the vegetables.
  • In turn, certain medications inhibit the absorption of folic acid such as anti-inflammatories, antacids, and antibiotics.

So if you are taking medications or pills during your pregnancy it is very important to integrate the natural food sources that have been mentioned.

You should know that if the specialized foods for anemia are used correctly, you will not need to depend on synthetic supplements to preserve an adequate level of iron and folic acid while avoiding its side effects.

A good way to increase your consumption of specialized foods for anemia is by reinforcing your breakfasts with fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds in preparations such as delicious mousses.

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Categories: Anemia

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